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HerbSprout Microbiome Blog -

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“WHERE THINGS SO SMALL CAN HAVE A MASSIVE IMPACT ON YOUR HEALTH.”
Herbsprout is a webblog and podcast dedicated to sharing the health benefits of herbs, food, innovations related to our gut microbiome. Herbsprout seeks to bridge the vast chasm dividing the mainstream medical community, alternative medicine, and Asian medicine, especially of China (TCM), India (Ayurveda), and Japan (eJim & Kampo).

What antibiotics disturb our gut microbiome

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Antibiotics are used to fight pathogens but also target commensal bacteria, disturbing the composition of gut microbiota and causing dysbiosis and disease.

According to an October 13 2021 Medical Express report, antibiotics are known to cause asthma, food allergies, obesity, gastrointestinal problems and Clostridioides difficile infections.

The October 13 2021 article in Nature said 144 antibiotics were studied to assess their affect on 38 human gut microbiome species. The study found that two common antibiotics macrolides and tetracyclines, inhibited nearly all gut bacteria tested, but also killed several species.

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-10-tackling-collateral-antibiotics.html

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03986-2

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03986-2
#antibiotics #guthealth #gutmicrobiome #medicine #wellness

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Rhubarb and Phellodendron bark Keys to anti inflammatory herbal medicine

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Rhubarb, Scutellaria root, Phellodendron bark, and Coptidis rhizome are commonly used to make “San Huang Powder.” Study by researchers determined that this herb extract was proved to be antibacterial and anti inflammatory, according to an October 12 2021 report in Hindawi.com.

The in-vitro assay showed that Rhubarb and Phellodendron bark extracts decreased the levels of inflammatory cytokines, IL-8, and GM-CSF on LPS-induced HMEC-1 cells. These two herbs are key ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine “San Huang Powder” used to treat burns.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2021/2900060/

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Gut microbiome health may affect muscle growth

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The researchers found that for muscles to grow following exercise, according to new a September 27, 2021 article In Medical Express written by The Physiological Society. Based on a study of mice, the gut microbiome may be important for the health of our muscles.

The study found that the mice that received antibiotic treatment which killed the bacteria of their gut microbiome showed significantly less muscle growth than mice who did not receive the antibiotic treatment.

John McCarthy, senior author added “world-class runners were found to have more of a particular type of bacteria that provided an additional source of energy which was thought to help them run faster. Thus, the gut microbiome makes substances that appear to be important for skeletal muscles,” he is quoted saying in the Medical Express report.

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-microbiome-muscle-growth-loss-conditions.html

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Coral Microbiome key to climate change survival

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The microbiome of corals -- which comprise bacteria, fungi and viruses -- play an important role in the ability of corals to tolerate rising ocean temperatures, according to a September 30 2021 article in Science Daily led by Penn State University. Says Penn State biology professor Monica Medina, prolonged exposure to heat can cause 'bleaching' and the animal to die.

Viridiana Avila-Magaña, former student at Penn State, and team tracked genes that have already diverged in expression across species in response to any given stimuli -- in our case heat stress. She is currently a postdoctoral fellow at Colorado University Boulder.

The entire holobiont -- the coral animal, photosymbiont and microbiome -- is involved in the stress response. They found several genes that aid a coral’s response to heat stress. They also found more tolerant species had greater bacterial activity and diversity, according to Science Daily. The microbiome includes bacteria, fungi and viruses.

Among the three coral species examined - mountainous star coral, the knobby brain coral, and the starlet coral - the starlet coral was found to be more heat stress tolerant. This is due in part to a higher number and diversity of thermally tolerant microbes in their microbiomes, according to the Science Daily article.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/09/210930082401.htm

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