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Herbsprout is a webblog and podcast dedicated to sharing the health benefits of herbs, food, innovations related to our gut microbiome. Herbsprout seeks to bridge the vast chasm dividing the mainstream medical community and alternative medicine.

Healthy stool from fecal transplant in an IBS patient's digestive track reduces symptoms

source: dreamstime source: dreamstime
Stool with healthy microorganisms inserted into a person’s digestive tract has been shown to reduce abdominal stress and tiredness in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a September 13, 2022 article in Everyday Health.

The efficacy of this inexpensive treatment has shown to last three years for over 90% of patients, and beyond three years for over 70% of patients, according to the report by author Magdy El-Salhy, MD, a gastroenterologist at Stord Helse Fonna Hospital in Norway. Her team found that dysbiosis, a gut micriobiome imbalance, was lower among those receiving active treatment after two to three years.
#dysbiosis #guthealth #gutmicrobiome #ibs

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Adaptive Biotech gets creative with financing

A worthwhile digression from Herbsprout’s standard health topics, Seattle-based biotech Adaptive Biotechnologies Corp. (Nasdaq: ADPT) came up with up to $250 million in innovative/ creative financing during the current economic downturn. The deal mix of business development revenue share with financing.

According to a September 14 2022 Puget Sound Business Journal report, the company inked a royalty financing agreement with health care investment firm OrbiMed. Adaptive is developing an immune system platform to build a data-driven, “clinical-product development engine”. With the immune system as the “source code”, Adaptive says it can develop diagnostics and therapeutics for almost any disease, according to the company.

Through the agreement, Adaptive will receive an initial $125 million in exchange for OrbiMed receiving 5% of Adaptive's revenue. Adaptive can receive an additional $75 million for 8% of its revenue and another $50 million, earmarked for potential merger and acquisition deals, for 10%.

"This was a really nice creative structure because for us, we didn't want to raise equity capital and dilute the shareholder base when our stock is trading significantly below historical levels," said Chad Robins, co-founder and CEO of Adaptive is quoted Puget Sound Business Journal. “Debt will have a balloon payment or an amortization where if for any reason the markets aren't there and you can't recapitalize or you can't repay that debt, that provides a lot of risk to a company."

Adaptive will have to pay OrbiMed back 1.65 times whatever it takes, but the rate decreases if Adaptive can pay the firm back in 18 or 24 months, Robins said. He added that although there is a $50 million tranche reserved for M&A, Adaptive isn't targeting anything specific right now. According to Robins, the company will lay out a path to profitability in its third quarter earnings, and this money will help Adaptive reach that goal without having to raise equity capital.

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Sleep Apnea underdiagnosed in connection to cardiovascular diseases

source: sleep apnea occurs in... source: sleep apnea occurs in 40% of cardiovascular disease patients.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common and serious sleep-related breathing disorders with a strong connection to patients with cardiovascular (CV) diseases.

Despite its prevalence, OSA is often underdiagnosed and untreated, even though it can increase risk of heart failure, arrhythmias, hypertension, and coronary artery disease, according to an August 11 2022 report by Handawi journal. The report claims that sleep apnea occurs in more than 40% of CV patients.

In addition to CV diseases, sleep apnea can result in repetitive upper airway collapse during sleep and insufficient oxygen.

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treating depression by supporting our gut microbiome

source: dreamstime source: dreamstime
The gut microbiome can be a promising approach for the management of depression. A September 7, 2022 Science Direct report suggest that the gut microbiota control the host epigenetic machinery in depression.

Gut dysbiosis causes negative epigenetic modifications via mechanisms like histone acetylation, DNA methylation and non-coding RNA mediated gene inhibition.

The diet and dietary metabolites like kynurenine, tryptophan, and propionic acid also greatly influence the microbiome composition and the physiological activities.

Science Direct point out that stress is one of the important risk factors for depression that results from chronic or early life stress, in the range of 37% to 48% showing a strong relation between family history and depression.

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“Live Long and Prosper” with ketones & polyphenols

source: dreamstime source: dreamstime
Distinguished doctor and medical researcher Dr. Steve Gundry says polyphenols aid in everything from heart health to gut health and weight loss. Why? Based on his research, Dr. Gundry discovered these polyhenols facilitate caloric bypass, enabling the mitochondria in our body to ignore excessive amounts of food, and bypass converting them into stored fats (1).

More than 8,000 polyphenols are out there, and they are divided into four main categories: flavonoids, stilbenes, lignans, and phenolic acids, according to a May 24, 2022 article (2).

Ketones created by our liver are even more effective than the polyphenol foods, in fact the most effective at signaling caloric bypass, but helps all your cells work better, according to the National Institute of Aging.

Dr. Gundry discovered medium chain triglycerides (MCT) naturally found in certain foods, can never be converted to fats and can only be converted to ketones. Both Columbia and McGill Universities confirmed studies that individuals who consume increasing amounts ketones showed significant decreases in body fat and weight. He found that communities that consume large amounts of — goat cheese sheeps milk, acacia, and coconut oil — each of which are among the largest sources of MCTs, are also among the longest living communities in the world (1).

Top sources of MCTs are coconut and coconut products - coconut oil, coconut butter and full fat coconut milk; palm kernel oil; and in lesser amounts- butter, milk, yogurt and cheese 3).

Top sources of polyphenols include Herbs and Spices such as ginger and turmeric, Cocoa, and berries such as blackberries, blueberries, and strawberries (2).




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